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Glossary of Terms

Amblyopia: Commonly called a “lazy eye”. It is an eye that has reduced vision that is not correctable by wearing corrective lenses.

Binocular: The use of both eyes simultaneously in such a manner that each retinal image contributes to the final perception.

Board Certified Behavioral Optometrist: See also Board Certified Developmental Optometrist. Both titles are used interchangeably.

Board Certified Developmental Optometrist: A Board Certified Developmental Optometrist is an optometrist who has additional training in the testing, diagnosis and treatment of vision disorders. Board certification happens through comprehensive testing completed with the College of Optometrists in Vision Development.

CVA: Cerebrovascular accident.

Diplopia: Seeing double when trying to focus.

Directionality: The ability to consistently and correctly relate left and right, top and bottom, clockwise and counterclockwise manner and be able to continue properly in tasks which depend upon direction. The ability to project the internal awareness of the two sides of the body, the spatial world of the individual.

Esotropia: An eye that turns in.

Exotropia: An eye that turns out.

Eye Teaming: The ability of both eyes to point at the same object at the same time.

Eye Tracking: The ability to simultaneously and smoothly follow words on a page or moving objects in space.

Focusing: The ability to look quickly from distance to near or near to distance without experiencing blurry vision.

Hand-Eye Coordination: A relationship between visual and kinesthetic clues, resulting in accurate, manual, spatial localization.

Intermittent: Occasionally happening, not constant.

Laterality: The ability to consistently and correctly understand one’s own left and right, top and bottom, front and back. The internal awareness and integration of the two sides of the body.

Monocular: Having or relating to one eye.

Ophthalmologist: A physician who specializes in the medical and surgical care of the eyes and visual systems, and in the prevention of eye disease and injury.

Optometrist: A primary health care provider who specializes in the examination, diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases and disorders of the visual system, the eye and associated structures.

Perceptual Skills: Visual memory, visual discrimination, spatial relationships, visual closure, visual/auditory integration, visual motor integration, directionality, laterality and bi-laterality are all examples of perceptual skills.

Retained Reflexes: Reflexes needed for the birthing process and the first few weeks of life that did not develop into more complicated reflexes.

Strabismus: Commonly called a “crossed eye” or “wandering eye”. It is an eye that turns in or out.

TBI: Traumatic brain injury.

Vision Therapist: A person trained to implement vision therapy procedures.

Vision Therapy: A series of visual procedures used to retrain the brain and eyes to work smoothly and efficiently together.

Visual/Auditory Integration: The ability to match auditory and visual stimuli in the brain.

Visual Acuity: The ability to see things at a given distance.

Visual Closure: The ability to recognize familiar figures that have been partially obscured or removed.

Visual Discrimination: The ability to see the similarities and differences in shapes, forms, objects, letters, words, etc.

Visual Memory: The ability to remember what has been seen, without relying on subvocalization, tactile, or auditory feedback. The act of forming a mental visual image of something seen before or visualized.

Visual Motor Integration: The ability to match visual and motor skills in the brain, such as copying a series of pictures or forms.

Visual Space Orientation:  The ability of the eyes and brain to work together to perceive relative positions of objects in the visual field

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To Our Patient Family,

Based on federal and state recommendations, many offices have voluntarily moved to a temporary model of care where they are reducing or eliminating routine vision care, particularly for at-risk populations, while still allowing urgent care for their patients.

After careful consideration we have made the decision to follow these recommendations until April 3rd, at which time we will re-evaluate.

So what does that mean?

To minimize the spread of COVID-19 our physical office will be temporarily closed to routine vision appointments.  We will have both Doctors and staff in the office Tuesday – Thursday from 9:00 am – 5:00 pm to answer questions, place contact lens orders and schedule urgent/emergency patients by phone.

We are offering to extend contact lens prescriptions if necessary, to make sure our patients have enough supply until our quarantine lifts.

Both Dr. David and Dr. Jeff are still available for red eyes, sudden vision changes, injuries, and other urgent issues for both new and established patients.  Please feel free to call our office between the hours of 9:00 am and 5:00 pm Tuesday – Thursday.

Our doctors will be providing Tele-health for your convenience and extended care.  We will also be offering extended services for our vision therapy patients.

If you have glasses ordered or glasses that are ready for pick up, we ask that you call ahead and schedule a time to pick those up. Once you have arrived, call the office for check-in, and we will deliver and adjust your glasses at your car.  Contacts and vitamins that are available for pickup will follow same check-in process.

As always, we genuinely care for our patients and want the very best for each of you.  If you need us, or have questions about your specific situations; please feel free to call the office.  This plan of action could change due to federal or state guidelines and recommendations.  Please monitor our Facebook page for updates.

We appreciate your understanding in this matter.


Dr. David Coleman & Dr. Jeff Coleman